Simone de Beauvoir: Biography
09 jan 1908
Simone de Beauvoir was a prolific and highly successful French author who was born in Paris in 1908. She was a political activist, feminist, philosopher and social theorist as well as a novelist. In addition to her works of fiction, Simone also published biographies, essays, auto-biographical works, monographs and political articles. She is also well known for the open relationship that she had with the French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre.
De Beauvoir’s first novel, She Came to Stay, was published in 1943. It is a work of fiction, but was heavily influenced by her own relationship with Sartre and their joint relationship with Olga Kosakiewicz (one of her favourite students) and Wanda Kosakiewicz (Olga’s sister). It is a metaphysical novel and has been translated into many different languages and sold all over the world.
The Mandarins, de Beauvoir’s second novel, was published in 1954. It won the Prix Goncourt prize in the same year. It only took 2 years for the book to be translated and published in English, and it was subsequently translated and sold in many more languages worldwide. The book tells the story of a group of intellectuals in France following the end of the Second World War.
Simone De Beauvoir died in 1986, but her work continues to be read and studied all over the world. She remains of the most successful and influential female philosophers of the twentieth century and one of the pioneers of the feminist movement.